Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Comodo Confessions

It's been said that one of the motivations for hacking is notoriety (others include political gain/espionage, money, etc.) This person claims to be a 21-year-old Iranian man. He posted under the name of "COMODOHACKER. He also apparently Tweets under the account, @ichsunx. Let's look at his recent activity and motive, which appears to be both notoriety and political in nature.

He says that he is a "...single hacker with experience of 1000 hackers".  This man claims to have hacked a Comodo Reseller and issued 9 phony SSL certificates for well-know sites including, mail.google.com, www.google.com, login.skype.com, addons.mozilla.org, login.live.com and others. OBTW, he did this all in about 15 minutes.

I highlighted some favorite parts in red, but to save you time, it's nothing more than a diatribe again the US, Israel, and projects like HAARP and Echelon and about "his country, Iran". He claims that more attacks that are less noticeable are coming.

The following is the raw text from pastebin.com

I'm writing this to the world, so you'll know more about me..

At first I want to give some points, so you'll be sure I'm the hacker:

I hacked Comodo from InstantSSL.it, their CEO's e-mail address mfpenco@mfpenco.com
Their Comodo username/password was: user: gtadmin password: [trimmed]
Their DB name was: globaltrust and instantsslcms

GlobalTrust.it had a dll called TrustDLL.dll for handling Comodo requests, they had resellers and their url was:

Enough said, huh? Yes, enough said, someone who should know already knows...Am I right Mr. Abdulhayoglu?

Anyway, at first I should mention we have no relation to Iranian Cyber Army, we don't change DNSes, we

just hack and own.

I see Comodo CEO and others wrote that it was a managed attack, it was a planned attack, a group of

cyber criminals did it, etc. etc. etc.

Let me explain:

a) I'm not a group of hacker, I'm single hacker with experience of 1000 hackers, I'm single programmer with

experience of 1000 programmers, I'm single planner/project manager with experience of 1000 project

managers, so you are right, it's managed by a group of hackers, but it was only I with experience of 1000


b) It was not really a managed hack. At first I decided to hack RSA algorithm, I did too much

investigation on SSL protocol, tried to find an algorithm for factoring integer, analyzed existing algorithms, for now I was not

able to do so, at least not yet, but I know it's not impossible and I'll prove it, anyway... I saw

that there is easier ways of doing it, like hacking a CA. I was looking to hack some CAs like Thawthe,

Verisign, Comodo, etc. I found some small vulnerabilities in their servers, but it wasn't enough to

gain access to server and sign my CSRs. During my search about InstantSSL of Comodo which signs CSRs immediately I found

InstantSSL.it which was doing it's job under control of Comodo.

After a little try, I analyzed their web server and easily (easy for me, so hard for others) I got FULL access on the server, after a little investigation on their

server, I found out that TrustDll.dll takes care of signing. It was coded in C# (ASP.NET).

I decompiled the DLL and I found username/password of their GeoTrust and Comodo reseller account.

GeoTrust reseller URL was not working, it was in ADTP.cs. Then I found out their Comodo account works

and Comodo URL is active. I logged into Comodo account and I saw I have right of signing using APIs. I

had no idea of APIs and how it works. I wrote a code for signing my CSRs using POST request to those

APIs, I learned their APIs so FAST and their TrustDLL.DLL was too old and was not working properly, it doesn't send all needed parameters,

it wasn't enough for signing a CSR. As I said, I rewrote the code for !AutoApplySSL and !PickUpSSL
APIs, first API returns OrderID of placed Order and second API returns entire signed

certificate if you pass OrderID from previous call. I learned all these stuff, re-wrote the code and

generated CSR for those sites all in about 10-15 minutes. I wasn't ready for these type of APIs, these

type of CSR generation, API calling, etc. But I did it very very fast.

Anyway, I know you are really shocked about my knowledge, my skill, my speed, my expertise and entire attack.

That's OK, all of it was so easy for me, I did more important things I can't talk about, so if you have to

worry, you can worry... I should mention my age is 21

Let's back to reason of posting this message.

I'm talking to the world, so listen carefully:

When USA and Israel creates Stuxnet, nobody talks about it, nobody blamed, nothing happened at all,

so when I sign certificates nothing should happen, I say that, when I sign certificates nothing should

happen. It's a simple deal.

I heard that some stupids tried to ask about it from Iran's ambassador in UN, really? How smartass you are?
Where were you when Stuxnet created by Israel and USA with millions of dollar budget, with access to SCADA systems and Nuclear softwares? Why no one asked a question from Israel and USA ambassador to UN?
So you can't ask about SSL situtation from my ambassador, I answer your question about situtation: "Ask about Stuxnet from USA and Israel", this is your answer, so don't waste my Iran's ambassador's worthy time.

When USA and Isrel can read my emails in Yahoo, Hotmail, Skype, Gmail, etc. without any simple

little problem, when they can spy using Echelon, I can do anything I can. It's a simple rule. You do,

I do, that's all. You stop, I don't stop. It's a rule, rule #1 (My Rules as I rule to internet, you should know it


Rule#2: So why all the world worried, internet shocked and all writers write about it, but nobody

writes about Stuxnet anymore? Nobody writes about HAARP, nobody writes about Echelon... So nobody

should write about SSL certificates.

Rule#3: Anyone inside Iran with problems, from fake green movement to all MKO members and two faced

terrorists, should afraid of me personally. I won't let anyone inside Iran, harm people of Iran, harm

my country's Nuclear Scientists, harm my Leader (which nobody can), harm my President, as I live, you

won't be able to do so. as I live, you don't have privacy in internet, you don't have security in

digital world, just wait and see...By the way, you already have seen it or you are blind, is there any larger target than a CA in internet?

Rule#4: Comodo and other CAs in the world: Never think you are safe, never think you can rule the

internet, ruling the world with a 256 digit number which nobody can find it's 2 prime factors (you think so), I'll show

you how someone in my age can rule the digital world, how your assumptions are wrong, you already understood it, huh?

Rule#5: To microsoft, mozilla and chrome who updated their softwares as soon as instructions came from

CIA. You are my targets too. Why Stuxnet's Printer vulnerability patched after 2 years? Because it was

needed in Stuxnet? So you'll learn sometimes you have to close your eyes on some stuff in internet,

you'll learn... You'll understand... I'll bring equality in internet. My orders will equal to CIA orders,

lol ;)

Rule#6: I'm a GHOST

Rule#7: I'm unstoppable, so afraid if you should afraid, worry if you should worry.

My message to people who have problem with Islamic Republic of Iran, SSL and RSA certificates are broken, I did it one time, make sure I'll do it again, but this time nobody will notice it.
I see some people suggests using VPNs, some people suggests TOR, some other suggests UltraSurf, etc. Are you sure you are safe using those? RSA 2048 was not able to resist in front of me, do you think UltraSurf can?

If you was doing a dirty business in internet inside Iran, I suggest you to quit your job, listen to sound of most of people of Iran, otherwise you'll be in a big trouble, also you can leave digital world
and return to using abacus.

A message in Persian: Janam Fadaye Rahbar

[UPDATE 1]: Also check this: http://pastebin.com/DBDqm6Km

[UPDATE 2]: Check this: http://pastebin.com/CvGXyfiJ

[UPDATE 3]: Check this: http://pastebin.com/X8znzPWH

It will be interesting to see how this proceeds and what transpires next.

Monday, March 28, 2011

Back from break

In other news... In case you've missed it or have been living under the proverbial rock, the following recent events are worth a read (and an update, for those Adobe products).

Microsoft Rounds-up Rustock -With federal assistance, Microsoft seized hard drives from US-owned ISP's, dealing a death blow to the world's largest spam engine. The original article can be found here.

Adobe Triple Play -  Adobe released a n update to plug a critical hole in Acrobat, Flash and Reader. The security bulletin can be read here.